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Trade and internal market

Patterns of cooperation of MENA countries with the European Union

In the sector of trade and internal market, cooperation between the EU and MENA countries is characterised by a large number of agreements and cooperation activities. Please note that in this database, bilateral trade agreements between MENA countries and single EU member states are not considered. [read more]

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Year: 2016

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The data and maps consider the legal framework and specific activities of EU-MENA cooperation in different sectors. [Read more]
  • Click on a year to see EU-MENA agreements and cooperation activities in that year. (Beginning and end dates of agreements and activities are considered; they are not cumulative over time.)

EU-MENA

The colour scale reflects the intensity of cooperation between the EU and a MENA country, the darker the colour the more intensive the cooperation in that specific sector.
  • Click on a country to see the relevant agreements and activities of that country
  • Click on the EU flag to see the EU’s agreements and activities with MENA countries

Bilateral Agreements

An arrow between two countries represents a bilateral agreement or activity. More details on the visualisation of the data

You are welcome to use the data for research purposes, with appropriate credit given to the Borderlands project

I. EU-MENA countries

1. Legal Basis

a) Framework agreements

Agreement/Programme withFrom yearTo yearDescription
Algeria2005Euro-Mediterranean Agreement establishing an Association between the European Community and its Member States, of the one part, and the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, of the other part - Annexes - Protocols - Final Act – Declarations More details...
Egypt2004Euro-Mediterranean Agreement establishing an Association between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the Arab Republic of Egypt, of the other part More details...
Israel2000Euro-Mediterranean Agreement establishing an Association between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the State of Israel, of the other part More details...
Jordan2002Euro-Mediterranean Agreement establishing an Association between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, of the other part - Protocol 1 concerning the arrangements applicable to the importation into the Community of agricultural products originating in Jordan - Protocol 2 concerning the arrangements applicable to the importation into Jordan of agricultural products originating in the Community - Protocol 3 concerning the definition of the concept of 'originating products' and methods of administrative cooperation - Protocol 4 on mutual assistance between administrative authorities in customs matters - Joint Declarations - Final Act More details...
Lebanon2006Euro-Mediterranean Agreement establishing an Association between the European Community and its Member States, of the one part, and the Republic of Lebanon, of the other part More details...
Morocco2000Euro-Mediterranean Agreement establishing an Association between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the Kingdom of Morocco, of the other part - Protocol 1 on the arrangements applying to imports into the Community of agricultural products originating in Morocco - Protocol 2 on the arrangements applying to imports into the Community of fishery products originating in Morocco - Protocol 3 on the arrangements applying to imports into Morocco of agricultural products originating in the Community - Protocol 4 concerning the definition of originating products and methods of administrative cooperation - Protocol 5 on mutual assistance in customs matters between the administrative authorities - Final Act - Joint Declarations - Agreements in the form of an Exchange of Letters - Declaration by the Community - Declarations by Morocco More details...
Palestinian Territory1997Euro-Mediterranean Interim Association Agreement on trade and cooperation between the European Community, of the one part, and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) for the benefit of the Palestinian Authority of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, of the other part - Protocol 1 on the arrangements applying to imports into the Community of agricultural products originating in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip - Protocol 2 on the arrangements applying to imports into the West Bank and the Gaza Strip of agricultural products originating in the Community - Protocol 3 concerning the definition of the concept of 'originating products' and methods of administrative cooperation - Final Act - Joint Declarations - Declaration by the European Community More details...
Tunisia1998Euro-Mediterranean Agreement establishing an Association between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the Republic of Tunisia, of the other part - Protocol No 1 on the arrangements applying to imports into the Community of agricultural products originating in Tunisia - Protocol No 2 on the arrangement applying to imports into the Community of fishery products originating in Tunisia - Protocol No 3 on the arrangements applying to imports into Tunisia of agricultural products originating in the Community - Protocol No 4 concerning the definition of originating products and methods of administrative cooperation - Protocol No 5 on mutual assistance in customs matters between the administrative authorities - Joint Declarations - Declarations More details...
Turkey1964Agreement creating an association between the European Economic Community and Turkey - Protocol n° 1: provisional protocol - Protocol n° 2: financial protocol - final Act – Statements More details...
Turkey2001Candidate status for EU membership. More details...
Turkey2005Formal opening of Accession negotiations with Turkey More details...

b) Specific agreements

Agreement/Programme withFrom yearTo yearDescription
Algeria2005Protocol No 6 to the Association Agreement concerning the definition of originating products and methods of administrative cooperation More details...
Algeria2005Signing of Protocol No 5 to the Association Agreement on commercial trade in processed agricultural products between Algeria and the Community More details...
Algeria2005Signing of Protocol No 4 to the Association Agreement on the arrangements applying to imports into Algeria of fishery products originating in the Community More details...
Algeria2005Protocol No 1 to the Association Agreement on the arrangements applying to imports into the Community of agricultural products originating in Algeria More details...
Algeria2005Protocol No 2 to the Association Agreement on the arrangements applying to imports into Algeria of agricultural products originating in the Community More details...
Algeria2005Protocol No 3 to the Association Agreement on the arrangements applying to imports into the Community of fishery products originating in Algeria More details...
Algeria2005Protocol No 7 to the Association Agreement on mutual administrative assistance in the field of customs More details...
Algeria2005Protocol No 7 to the Association Agreement on mutual administrative assistance in the field of customs More details...
Algeria2007Pan-Euro-Mediterranean system of cumulation of origin More details...
Algeria2012Regional Convention on pan-Euro-Mediterranean preferential rules of origin More details...
Egypt2003Agreement in the form of an Exchange of Letters concerning the provisional application of the trade and trade-related provisions of the Euro-Mediterranean Agreement establishing an Association between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the Arab Republic of Egypt, of the other part More details...
Egypt2004Protocol 1: Arrangements applicable to imports into the Community of agricultural products originating in Egypt More details...
Egypt2004Protocol 2: Arrangements applicable to imports into Egypt of agricultural products originating in the Community. More details...
Egypt2004Protocol 3: Arrangements applicable to processed agricultural products More details...
Egypt2004Protocol 4: Definition of the concept of "originating products" and methods of administrative cooperation. More details...
Egypt2004Protocol 5: Mutual assistance between administrative authorities in customs matters. More details...
Egypt2006Pan-Euro-Mediterranean system of cumulation of origin More details...
Egypt2008Agreement on Services and Establishment More details...
Egypt2010Agreement in the form of an Exchange of Letters between the European Community and the Arab Republic of Egypt concerning reciprocal liberalisation measures on agricultural products, processed agricultural products and fish and fishery products, the replacement of Protocols 1 and 2 and their annexes and amendments to the Euro-Mediterranean Agreement establishing an association between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the Arab Republic of Egypt, of the other part More details...
Egypt2010Signing of a Protocol between the European Union and the Arab Republic of Egypt establishing a dispute settlement mechanism applicable to disputes under the trade provisions of the Euro-Mediterranean Agreement More details...
IsraelAgreement establishing a Dispute Settlement Mechanism More details...
Israel1975Agreement establishing a Free Trade Area for industrial products More details...
Israel1997Agreement between the European Community and the State of Israel on procurement by telecommunications operators More details...
Israel1997Agreement between the European Community and the State of Israel on government procurement More details...
Israel2000Protocol 1 concerning the arrangements applicable to the importation into the Community of agricultural products originating in Israel More details...
Israel2000Protocol 2 concerning the arrangements applicable to the importation into Israel of agricultural products originating in the Community More details...
Israel2000Protocol 3 concerning plant protection matters More details...
Israel2000Protocol 4 concerning the definition of the concept of 'originating products' and methods of administrative cooperation More details...
Israel2000Protocol 5 on mutual assistance between administrative authorities in customs matters More details...
Israel2003Agreement in the form of an Exchange of Letters between the European Community and the State of Israel concerning reciprocal liberalisation measures and the replacement of Protocols 1 and 2 to the EC-Israel Association Agreement - Protocol 1 concerning the arrangements applicable to imports into the Community of agricultural products originating in Israel - Protocol 2 concerning the arrangements applicable to imports into Israel of agricultural products originating in the Community More details...
Israel2005Pan-Euro-Mediterranean system of cumulation of origin More details...
Israel2008Agreement on Services and Establishment. More details...
Israel2008Protocol to the Euro-Mediterranean Agreement establishing an Association between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the State of Israel, of the other part, on a framework Agreement between the European Community and the State of Israel on the general principles governing the State of Israel’s participation in Community programmes More details...
Israel2010Agreement in the form of an Exchange of Letters between the European Community and the State of Israel concerning reciprocal liberalisation measures on agricultural products, processed agricultural products and fish and fishery products, the replacement of Protocols 1 and 2 and their annexes and amendments to the Euro Mediterranean Agreement establishing an association between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the State of Israel, of the other part More details...
Israel2013Protocol to the Euro-Mediterranean Agreement establishing an Association between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the State of Israel, of the other part, on Conformity Assessment and Acceptance of Industrial Products (CAA). More details...
Jordan2002Protocol 1 concerning the arrangements applicable to the importation into the Community of agricultural products originating in Jordan More details...
Jordan2002Protocol 2 concerning the arrangements applicable to the importation into Jordan of agricultural products originating in the Community More details...
Jordan2002Protocol 3 concerning the definition of the concept of 'originating products' and methods of administrative cooperation More details...
Jordan2002Protocol 4 on mutual assistance between administrative authorities in customs matters More details...
Jordan2006Agreement in the form of an Exchange of Letters between the European Community and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan concerning reciprocal liberalisation measures and amending the EC-Jordan Association Agreement as well as replacing Annexes I, II, III and IV and Protocols 1 and 2 to that Agreement More details...
Jordan2006Pan-Euro-Mediterranean system of cumulation of origin More details...
Jordan2011Protocol between the European Union and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan establishing a dispute settlement mechanism applicable to disputes under the trade provisions of the Euro-Mediterranean Agreement establishing an association between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, of the other part More details...
Jordan2011Regional Convention on Pan-Euro-Mediterranean preferential rules of origin More details...
Jordan2013Entry into force of the “Protocol to the Euro-Mediterranean Agreement establishing an Association between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, of the other part, on a Framework Agreement between the European Union and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan on the general principles for the participation of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan in Union programmes” More details...
Lebanon2006PROTOCOL 1 concerning arrangements applicable to imports into the Community of agricultural products originating in Lebanon referred to in Article 14(1) More details...
Lebanon2006PROTOCOL 2 concerning arrangements applicable to imports into Lebanon of agricultural products originating in the Community referred to in Article 14(2) More details...
Lebanon2006PROTOCOL 3 on trade between Lebanon and the Community in processed agricultural products referred to in Article 14(3) More details...
Lebanon2006PROTOCOL 4 concerning the definition of the concept ‘originating products’ and methods of administrative cooperation More details...
Lebanon2006PROTOCOL 5 on mutual administrative assistance in customs matters More details...
Lebanon2006Pan-Euro-Mediterranean system of cumulation of origin More details...
Lebanon2010Signing of an Agreement in the form of a Protocol between the European Community and its Member States and the Republic of Lebanon establishing a dispute settlement mechanism applicable to disputes under the trade provisions of the Euro-Mediterranean Agreement establishing an association between the European Community and its Member States, of the one part, and the Republic of Lebanon, of the other part More details...
Morocco2000Agreement in the form of an Exchange of Letters between the European Community and the Kingdom of Morocco concerning certain amendments to Annexes 2, 3, 4 and 6 to the Euro-Mediterranean Agreement establishing an association between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the Kingdom of Morocco, of the other part More details...
Morocco2000Protocol 1 on the arrangements applying to imports into the Community of agricultural products originating in Morocco More details...
Morocco2000Protocol 2 on the arrangements applying to imports into the Community of fishery products originating in Morocco More details...
Morocco2000Protocol 3 on the arrangements applying to imports into Morocco of agricultural products originating in the Community More details...
Morocco2000Protocol 4 concerning the definition of originating products and methods of administrative cooperation More details...
Morocco2000Protocol 5 on mutual assistance in customs matters between the administrative authorities More details...
Morocco2004Agreement in the form of an Exchange of Letters between the European Community and the Kingdom of Morocco concerning reciprocal liberalisation measures and the replacement of the agricultural protocols to the EC-Morocco Association Agreement - Protocol No 1 on the arrangements applying to imports into the Community of agricultural products originating in Morocco - Protocol No 3 concerning the arrangements applicable to imports into Morocco of agricultural products originating in the Community More details...
Morocco2005Pan-Euro-Mediterranean system of cumulation of origin More details...
Morocco2008Agreement on Services and Establishment More details...
Morocco2012Agreement between the European Union and the Kingdom of Morocco establishing a dispute settlement mechanism More details...
Morocco2012Agreement in the form of an exchange of letters between the European Union and the Kingdom of Morocco concerning reciprocal liberalisation measures on agricultural products, processed agricultural products, fish and fishery products, the replacement of Protocols 1, 2 and 3 and their Annexes and amendments to the Euro-Mediterranean Agreement establishing an association between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the Kingdom of Morocco, of the other part More details...
Morocco2012Protocol to the Euro-Mediterranean Agreement between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the Kingdom of Morocco, of the other part, on a Framework Agreement between the European Union and the Kingdom of Morocco on the general principles for the participation of the Kingdom of Morocco in Union programmes More details...
Morocco2012Free Trade Area on industrial products. More details...
Morocco2012Regional Convention on pan-Euro-Mediterranean preferential rules of origin More details...
Morocco2013Negotiations of a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA) between the EU and Morocco More details...
Palestinian Territory1997Protocol 3 concerning the definition of the concept of 'originating products' and methods of administrative cooperation More details...
Palestinian Territory1997Protocol 2 on the arrangements applying to imports into the West Bank and the Gaza Strip of agricultural products originating in the Community More details...
Palestinian Territory1997Protocol 1 on the arrangements applying to imports into the Community of agricultural products originating in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip More details...
Palestinian Territory2005Agreement in the form of an Exchange of Letters between the European Community and the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO) for the benefit of the Palestinian Authority of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip concerning reciprocal liberalisation measures and the replacement of Protocols 1 and 2 to the EC-Palestinian Authority Interim Association Agreement More details...
Palestinian Territory2009Pan-Euro-Mediterranean system of cumulation of origin More details...
Palestinian Territory2012Agreement in the form of an Exchange of Letters between the European Union, of the one part, and the Palestinian Authority of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, of the other part, providing further liberalisation of agricultural products, processed agricultural products and fish and fishery products and amending the Euro-Mediterranean Interim Association Agreement on trade and cooperation between the European Community, of the one part, and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) for the benefit of the Palestinian Authority of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, of the other More details...
Syria1978Pan-Euro-Mediterranean system of cumulation of origin More details...
Tunisia1998Agreement on liberalisation of trade in agricultural products, transformed agricultural products and fisheries products More details...
Tunisia1998Protocol No 3 on the arrangements applying to imports into Tunisia of agricultural products originating in the Community More details...
Tunisia1998Protocol No 4 concerning the definition of originating products and methods of administrative cooperation More details...
Tunisia1998Protocol No 5 on mutual assistance in customs matters between the administrative authorities More details...
Tunisia1998Protocol No 2 on the arrangement applying to imports into the Community of fishery products originating in Tunisia More details...
Tunisia1998Protocol No 1 on the arrangements applying to imports into the Community of agricultural products originating in Tunisia More details...
Tunisia2001Agreement in the form of an Exchange of Letters between the European Community and the Republic of Tunisia concerning reciprocal liberalisation measures and amendment of the Agricultural Protocols to the EC/Tunisia Association Agreement More details...
Tunisia2006Pan-Euro-Mediterranean system of cumulation of origin More details...
Tunisia2008Agreement on Services and Establishment More details...
Tunisia2008Free Trade Area on industrial products. More details...
Tunisia2013Protocol between the European Community and the Republic of Tunisia establishing a dispute settlement mechanism applicable to disputes under the trade provisions of the Euro-Mediterranean Agreement establishing an Association between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the Republic of Tunisia, of the other part More details...
Tunisia2013Regional Convention on Pan-Euro-Mediterranean Preferential Rules of Origin More details...
Turkey1964Protocol n° 1: provisional protocol of the Agreement establishing an Association between the European Economic Community and Turkey More details...
Turkey1970Additional Protocol and Financial Protocol signed on 23 November 1970, annexed to the Agreement establishing the Association between the European Economic Community and Turkey on measures to be taken for their entry into force - Final Act - Declarations More details...
Turkey1996Protocol 1 on rules of origin to the Free Trade Agreement between the European Coal and Steel Community and the Republic of Turkey on trade in products covered by the Treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community. More details...
Turkey1996Free Trade Agreement between the European Coal and Steel Community and the Republic of Turkey on trade in products covered by the Treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community More details...
Turkey1996Customs Union Agreement More details...
Turkey2002Framework Agreement between the European Community and the Republic of Turkey on the general principles for the participation of the Republic of Turkey in Community programmes More details...
Turkey2006Pan-Euro-Mediterranean system of cumulation of origin: Agricultural products (01.01.1998) Decision No 3/2006 of the EC-Turkey Association Council, of 19 December 2006, amending Protocol 3 to Decision No1/98 of the EC-Turkey Association Council of 25 February 1998 on the trade regime for agricultural products Protocol No 3 Bilateral and diagonal cumulation More details...
Turkey2006Pan-Euro-Mediterranean system of cumulation of origin: Industrial products - Customs union (01.01.1996). Decision No 1/2006 of the EC-Turkey Customs Cooperation Committee OJ L 265 of 26.09.2006 Bilateral and diagonal cumulation (OJ L 265 of 26.9.2006 p.18, as last amended by OJ L 267 of 27.9.2006 p.48 ) More details...
Turkey2009Pan-Euro-Mediterranean system of cumulation of origin More details...
Turkey2011Regional Convention on Pan-Euro-Mediterranean Preferential Rules of Origin More details...
Turkey2012Convention on the simplification of formalities in trade in goods More details...

2. Activities

a) Cooperation and technical assistance programmes

Agreement/Programme withFrom yearTo yearDescription
Algeria2009TAIEX Activities More details...
Algeria2012TAIEX Activities More details...

3. Other relevant agreements and activities

Not available or not yet available in the database.