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Migration

Patterns of cooperation of MENA countries with the European Union and its member states

In the field of migration, relations between the European Union and MENA countries are characterised by the EU’s attempts to manage and regulate the access of migrants to the EU on the one hand, and guaranteeing security for the EU on the other. The EU and its member states often portray irregular migration as ‘security threat’, together with human trafficking and organised crime, although this conceptualisation is of course questionable. [read more]

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Year: 2016

1995 | 1996 | 1997 | 1998 | 1999 | 2000 | 2001 | 2002 | 2003 | 2004 | 2005 | 2006 | 2007 | 2008 | 2009 | 2010 | 2011 | 2012 | 2013 | 2014 | 2015 | 2016 |
The data and maps consider the legal framework and specific activities of EU-MENA cooperation in different sectors. [Read more]
  • Click on a year to see EU-MENA agreements and cooperation activities in that year. (Beginning and end dates of agreements and activities are considered; they are not cumulative over time.)

EU-MENA

The colour scale reflects the intensity of cooperation between the EU and a MENA country, the darker the colour the more intensive the cooperation in that specific sector.
  • Click on a country to see the relevant agreements and activities of that country
  • Click on the EU flag to see the EU’s agreements and activities with MENA countries

Bilateral Agreements

An arrow between two countries represents a bilateral agreement or activity. More details on the visualisation of the data

You are welcome to use the data for research purposes, with appropriate credit given to the Borderlands project

I. EU-MENA countries

1. Legal Basis

a) Framework agreements

Agreement/Programme withFrom yearTo yearDescription
Algeria2005EU/Algeria Association Agreement More details...
Egypt2004EU/Egypt Association Agreement More details...
Israel2000EU/Israel Association Agreement More details...
Jordan2002EU/Jordan Association Agreement More details...
Lebanon2006EU/Lebanon Association Agreement More details...
Morocco2000EU/Morocco Association Agreement More details...
Tunisia1998EU/Tunisia Association Agreement More details...
Turkey2004EU accession negotiations More details...

b) Specific agreements

Agreement/Programme withFrom yearTo yearDescription
Egypt2007Negotiation of a Frontex working arrangement More details...
Morocco2003Negotiation of a Readmission Agreement More details...
Morocco2013Signing of The Joint Declaration establishing a Mobility Partnership between the Kingdom of Morocco and the European Union and its Member States More details...
Tunisia2011Déclaration Conjointe Etablissant un Partenariat de Mobilité entre la Tunisie et l’Union Européenne et ses Etats Membres More details...
Tunisia2014Signing of the Joint declaration establishing a Mobility Partnership. More details...
Turkey2012Frontex Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the establishment of operational cooperation More details...
Turkey2013Signing of EU-Turkey readmission agreement More details...

2. Activities

a) Cooperation and technical assistance programmes

Agreement/Programme withFrom yearTo yearDescription
Algeria2003Member of the Dialogue on Mediterranean Transit Migration More details...
Algeria2006Member of the Rabat Process More details...
Algeria2007Member of the Africa-EU Partnership on Migration, Mobility and Employment More details...
Algeria20122016EuroMed Migration III Activities More details...
Egypt2002Member of the Dialogue on Mediterranean Transit Migration (MTM) More details...
Egypt2006Member of the Rabat Process More details...
Egypt20122016Participation in EuroMed Migration III Cooperation More details...
Israel20122016Participation in EuroMed Migration III Cooperation More details...
Jordan20122016Participation in EuroMed Migration III Cooperation More details...
Lebanon2003Member of the Dialogue on Mediterranean Transit Migration (MTM) More details...
Lebanon20122016Participation in EuroMed Migration III Cooperation More details...
Libya2003Member of the Dialogue on Mediterranean Transit Migration More details...
Libya2006Member of the Rabat Process More details...
Libya2007Member of the Africa-EU Partnership on Migration, Mobility and Employment More details...
Libya20122016EuroMed Migration III Activities More details...
Morocco2003Member of the Dialogue on Mediterranean Transit Migration More details...
Morocco2006Member of the Rabat Process More details...
Morocco20122016EuroMed Migration III Activities More details...
Palestinian Territory20122016Participation in EuroMed Migration III Cooperation More details...
Syria20122016Participation in EuroMed Migration III Cooperation (all activities of Syria in EU programmes have been suspended in 2011) More details...
Tunisia2003Member of the Dialogue on Mediterranean Transit Migration More details...
Tunisia2006Member of the Rabat Process More details...
Tunisia2007Member of the Africa-EU Partnership on Migration, Mobility and Employment More details...
Tunisia20122016EuroMed Migration III Activities More details...
Turkey1993Member of the Budapest Process More details...
Turkey2002Member of the Dialogue on Mediterranean Transit Migration (MTM) More details...
Turkey2009Member of the Prague Process More details...

3. Other relevant agreements and activities

Not available or not yet available in the database.